Citizenship Test Civics Questions
Attention: 100 Citizenship Test Questions only refers to 100 Civics Questions for the U.S. Citizenship test. There is a lot more you will be tested on!

To get your US citizenship, you must pass the Civics test and English test. Civics test is about US Government and US History. During your citizenship interview, the US Citizenship and Immigrant Service (USCIS) officer will ask you to orally answer up to 10 of the 100 civics questions. You must answer at least 6 of the 10 questions correctly to achieve a passing score.

Most people think these 100 Civics questions are the 100 Citizenship test questions and this is all they need to know. Absolutely WRONG!

You are PUT on the citizenship test the moment you walk into USCIS officer's office. Civics test is just part of the citizenship test! You are expected to be able to understand everything the USCIS officer says, talk in English and write in English. Furthermore, to pass the citizenship test, you need not only the knowledge, but also the confidence!

Study shows that over 90% of people are nervous about the citizenship test and interview. Why? Because they don't know what to expect for the most important test in their lives! This is why tens of thousands of immigrants chose our RISK FREE U-Pass Citizenship Success Program. It equips you with the knowledge and confidence you need to pass the citizenship test on FIRST try!

To help applicants study American government and history, the USCIS published new 100 Civics questions and answers in 2008. These new 100 Civics questions are considered more difficult than the old citizenship questions.

Following are the top 5 toughest questions:
  1. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
  2. Name one of the American Indian tribes
  3. Name one of the three authors of Federalist papers.
  4. What is Susan B. Anthony famous for?
  5. Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?
If you have problems answering the above questions, don't worry! With our U-Pass Citizenship Success Program, you can get them done within minutes!

*** If you are 65 years old or older and have been a legal permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just these following questions marked with an asterisk.

The Civics test has 3 parts American Government, American History and Integrated Civics.

American Government:

A: Principles of American Democracy

  1. What is the supreme law of the land?
    • A: the Constitution

  2. What does the Constitution do?
    • sets up the government
    • defines the government
    • protects basic rights of Americans

  3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
    • We the People

  4. What is an amendment?
    • a change (to the Constitution)
    • an addition (to the Constitution)

  5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution
    • the Bill of Rights

  6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
    • speech
    • religion
    • assembly
    • press
    • petition the government

  7. How many amendments does the Constitution have
    • twenty-seven (27)

  8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
    • announced our independence (from Great Britain)
    • declared our independence (from Great Britain)
    • said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

  9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
    • life
    • liberty
    • pursuit of happiness

  10. What is freedom of religion?
    • You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

  11. What is the economic system in the United States?*
    • capitalist economy
    • market economy

  12. What is the "rule of law"?
    • Everyone must follow the law
    • Leaders must obey the law.
    • Government must obey the law.
    • No one is above the law.

B: System of Government

  1. Name one branch or part of the government.*
    • Congress
    • Legislative
    • President
    • Executive
    • The courts
    • Judicial

  2. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful
    • checks and balances
    • separation of powers

  3. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
    • the President

  4. Who makes federal laws?
    • Congress
    • Senate and House (of Representatives)
    • (U.S. or national) legislature

  5. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
    • the Senate and House (of Representatives)

  6. How many U.S. Senators are there?
    • one hundred (100)

  7. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
    • six (6)

  8. Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?*
    • Answers will vary.
      [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

  9. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
    • four hundred thirty-five (435)

  10. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
    • two (2)

  11. Name your U.S. Representative.
    • Answers will vary.
      [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

  12. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
    • all people of the state

  13. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
    • (because of) the state's population
    • (because) they have more people
    • (because) some states have more people

  14. We elect a President for how many years?
    • four (4)

  15. In what month do we vote for President?*
    • November

  16. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
    • Barack Obama
    • Obama

  17. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
    • Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
    • Joe Biden
    • Biden

  18. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
    • the Vice President

  19. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
    • the Speaker of the House

  20. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
    • the President

  21. Who signs bills to become laws?
    • the President

  22. Who vetoes bills?
    • the President

  23. What does the President's Cabinet do?
    • advises the President

  24. What are two Cabinet-level positions?
    • Secretary of Agriculture
    • Secretary of Commerce
    • Secretary of Defense
    • Secretary of Education
    • Secretary of Energy
    • Secretary of Health and Human Services
    • Secretary of Homeland Security
    • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
    • Secretary of the Interior
    • Secretary of Labor
    • Secretary of State
    • Secretary of Transportation
    • Secretary of the Treasury
    • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
    • Attorney General
    • Vice President

  25. What does the judicial branch do?
    • reviews laws
    • explains laws
    • resolves disputes (disagreement)
    • decides if a law goes against the Constitution

  26. What is the highest court in the United States?
    • the Supreme Court

  27. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
    • nine (9)

  28. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
    • John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

  29. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
    • to print money
    • to declare war
    • to create an army
    • to make treaties

  30. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
    • provide schooling and education
    • provide protection (police)
    • provide safety (fire departments)
    • give a driver's license
    • approve zoning and land use

  31. Who is the Governor of your state now?
    • Answers will vary.
      [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

  32. What is the capital of your state?*
    • Answers will vary.
      [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

  33. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
    • Democratic and Republican

  34. What is the political party of the President now?
    • Democratic (Party)

  35. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
    • John Boehner

C: Rights and Responsibilities

  1. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
    • Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
    • Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
    • A male citizen of any race (can vote).

  2. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
    • serve on a jury
    • vote in a federal election

  3. Name one right only for United States citizens.
    • vote in a federal election
    • run for federal office

  4. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
    • freedom of expression
    • freedom of speech
    • freedom of assembly
    • freedom to petition the government
    • freedom of worship
    • the right to bear arms

  5. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
    • the United States
    • the flag

  6. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
    • give up loyalty to other countries
    • defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
    • obey the laws of the United States
    • serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
    • serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
    • be loyal to the United States

  7. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
    • eighteen (18) and older

  8. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
    • vote
    • join a political party
    • help with a campaign
    • join a civic group
    • join a community group
    • give an elected official your opinion on an issue
    • call Senators and Representatives
    • publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
    • run for office
    • write to a newspaper

  9. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
    • April 15

  10. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
    • at age eighteen (18)
    • between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)


A: Colonial Period and Independence

  1. What is one reason colonists came to America?
    • freedom
    • political liberty
    • religious freedom
    • economic opportunity
    • practice their religion
    • escape persecution

  2. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
    • American Indians
    • Native Americans

  3. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
    • Africans
    • people from Africa

  4. Why did the colonists fight the British?
    • because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
    • because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
    • because they didn't have self-government

  5. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
    • (Thomas) Jefferson

  6. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
    • July 4, 1776

  7. There were 13 original states. Name three.
    • New Hampshire
    • Massachusetts
    • Rhode Island
    • Connecticut
    • New York
    • New Jersey
    • Pennsylvania
    • Delaware
    • Maryland
    • Virginia
    • North Carolina
    • South Carolina
    • Georgia

  8. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
    • The Constitution was written.
    • The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution

  9. When was the Constitution written?
    • 1787

  10. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
    • (James) Madison
    • (Alexander) Hamilton
    • (John) Jay
    • Publius

  11. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
    • U.S. diplomat
    • oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
    • first Postmaster General of the United States
    • writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
    • started the first free libraries

  12. Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
    • (George) Washington
    • 70. Who was the first President?*
    • (George) Washington

B: 1800s

  1. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
    • the Louisiana Territory
    • Louisiana

  2. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
    • War of 1812
    • Mexican-American War
    • Civil War
    • Spanish-American War

  3. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
    • the Civil War
    • the War between the States

  4. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
    • slavery
    • economic reasons
    • states' rights

  5. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
    • freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
    • saved (or preserved) the Union
    • led the United States during the Civil War

  6. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    • freed the slaves
    • freed slaves in the Confederacy
    • freed slaves in the Confederate states
    • freed slaves in most Southern states

  7. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
    • fought for women's rights
    • fought for civil rights

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

  1. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
    • World War I
    • World War II
    • Korean War
    • Vietnam War
    • (Persian) Gulf War

  2. Who was President during World War I?
    • (Woodrow) Wilson

  3. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
    • (Franklin) Roosevelt

  4. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
    • Japan, Germany, and Italy

  5. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
    • World War II

  6. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
    • Communism

  7. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
    • civil rights (movement)

  8. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
    • fought for civil rights
    • worked for equality for all Americans

  9. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
    • Terrorists attacked the United States

  10. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
  11. [USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]
    • Cherokee
    • Navajo
    • Sioux
    • Chippewa
    • Choctaw
    • Pueblo
    • Apache
    • Iroquois
    • Creek
    • Blackfeet
    • Seminole
    • Cheyenne
    • Arawak
    • Shawnee
    • Mohegan
    • Huron
    • Oneida
    • Lakota
    • Crow
    • Teton
    • Hopi
    • Inuit


A: Geography

  1. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
    • Missouri (River)
    • Mississippi (River)

  2. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
    • Pacific (Ocean)

  3. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
    • Atlantic (Ocean)

  4. Name one U.S. territory.
    • Puerto Rico
    • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • American Samoa
    • Northern Mariana Islands
    • Guam

  5. Name one state that borders Canada.
    • Maine
    • New Hampshire
    • Vermont
    • New York
    • Pensnsylvania
    • Ohio
    • Michigan
    • Minnesota
    • North Dakota
    • Montana
    • Idaho
    • Washington
    • Alaska

  6. Name one state that borders Mexico.
    • California
    • Arizona
    • New Mexico
    • Texas

  7. What is the capital of the United States?*
    • Washington, D.C.

  8. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
    • New York (Harbor)
    • Liberty Island
      [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

B: Symbols

  1. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
    • because there were 13 original colonies
    • because the stripes represent the original colonies

  2. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
    • because there is one star for each state
    • because each star represents a state
    • because there are 50 states

  3. What is the name of the national anthem?
    • The Star-Spangled Banner

C: Holidays

  1. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
    • July 4

  2. Name two national U.S. holidays.
    • New Year's Day
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
    • Presidents' Day
    • Memorial Day
    • Independence Day
    • Labor Day
    • Columbus Day
    • Veterans Day
    • Thanksgiving
These 100 Civics citizenship test questions and answers are covered in the Disc 1 and handbook of our U-Pass Citizenship Success Program.There are 3 different versions available: English-Only, English-Spanish Bilingual and English-Chinese Bilingual. Click here to learn more about U-Pass Citizenship Success Program.

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